Cats reproductive problems can cover a litany of different problems and can include infertility, infections, or just a flat out lack of maternal instinct by your pet.
In some cases they can be controlled, in other cases it will be a real challenge.
Perhaps the single largest cause of a queen not becoming pregnant is due to poor breeding management as well as handling.
In proper handling, it is very important to allow the male to mate with her before she ovulates.
The most ideal scenario is to allow three to four breeds a day every one or two days as long as she remains receptive to the process.
What many owners that attempt this do not understand and what the best breeders do understand is that cats are not a lot different than we are in some respects.
Some cats will just not like another cat no matter how hard you try, and as a result, will not mate with them.
Rather than try to force the issue, simply try another partner.
Queens will often allow more than one male partner to mate with them in a particular heat cycle.
Cats reproductive problems may also be the result of a decreased sperm count or a weak sperm structure.
They may also have poor sperm motility where the sperm simply does not function properly.
In most all cases, this is caused by some type of an underlying illness or an injury, and having the semen analyzed properly can save a lot of time and frustration.
If your queen is underweight or overweight, they may also have a difficult time conceiving.
However, one issue that is often overlooked is both the quality as well as the quantity of food that you feed the queen during this process.
If you do not feed your queen enough or if the quality of the food is poor and lacks the proper nutrients, especially calcium, it will quite often will affect the pregnancy process.
One of the biggest frustrations in cats reproductive problems is either a spontaneous abortion or a re-adsorption process.
However, it is possible for the dam to abort one of more of the litter and still maintain and deliver a healthy full term litter.
Early pregnancy is very difficult to confirm before the sixteen day post fertilization process, and early abortions are sometime diagnosed incorrectly as infertility.
There are very few treatments that are available to help prevent abortion or re-adsorption, but there are some very distinct symptoms that you can watch for.
Any type of a vaginal bleeding that you may see anytime during the second to eighth week is not normal, and this is usually the first warning signal.
Other symptoms may include a sudden fever in your cat, followed by depression.
If these symptoms do occur, it will be very important to watch your cat very closely, as the next symptom you may never see unless you are watching for it.
The sudden discharge of the fetuses will occur and the queen may eat this matter very quickly and it will never be seen; unless you are watching for this to occur.
If you do suspect that this has occurred, you will need to have her examined as quickly as possible to check for any fetuses or placentas that may be retained as they can cause severe infections.
Cats reproductive problems will also include dystocia, which is a difficult labor and delivery.
The act of delivery kittens in most cases is a very natural process for your cat, but there are some instances when the process becomes extremely difficult. In some cases, it may also be virtually impossible.
Understanding the process if you have never gone through it will help you identify if there are problems that are occurring.
Labor in cats will occur in two separate stages.
The first stage will last anywhere from six to eight hours and during this process your cat will show a very strong nesting behavior and her temperature will drop.
The temperature drop is quite normal and nothing to be concerned about.
During this stage she will than start to have contractions, but don’t worry if you cannot see them as they may be very difficult to see.
But what you will see is your cat becoming very restless and beginning to pant.
Panting in cats is in most cases a very dangerous sign, but this is one of the rare cases where it is normal.
Stage two begins with the fetus starting to move through the birth canal.
In this process your cat will exhibit a very obvious straining and involuntary contractions in the abdomen.
However, there is some severe warning signs that you can watch for in stage two and if you see them, you will need to seek emergency care as soon as possible.
If your cats pregnancy has lasted over seventy days, something is not right. If stage one has gone on for longer than eight hours, it is a warning sign.
But if goes over twenty four hours and nothing has happened, it is now in the critical stage.
However, it does not end there.
If your cat has strong contractions that last over an hour without producing a kitten, this is also very abnormal.
If the resting phase between kittens last more than four hours and more kittens are believed to be there, this is also a very serious warning sign in cats reproductive problems
But there are two other signs that should immediately catch your attention that something has gone terribly wrong.
If a foul smell starts to develop in the vaginal discharge or your cat starts to vomit excessively, these are signs that show you time is now of the essence to seek medical help.
There are also several infections and conditions that can cause cats reproductive problems.
The first is called Eclampsia which is an acute life threatening disease that is caused by a decrease in the amount of calcium in your cat’s bloodstream.
It rarely occurs in late pregnancy, but can occur in early lactation.
It happens because of a loss of calcium from the milk production process that is taking place in your cat or by a poor calcium uptake by your cat intestines.
For these reasons, it is very important that once you know your cat is pregnant they receive the proper amount of calcium.
Mastitis, which is an infection of your cats mammary glands, can also cause cats reproductive problems.
The mammary glands are essential in the process because they provide the life source to the kittens; fresh milk.
The mammary glands in your cat should be checked daily for signs of warmth, pain, or any type of hardness.
It will be very important to check the milk from each of the nipples daily for both color and consistency. If they are infected with mastitis, they will be off colored and clumping.
The entire process of giving birth and reproduction with your cat is a miracle and one of the most exhilarating experiences that you will have. But cats reproductive problems will occur at times.
The better prepared you are to handle them and understand the signs to watch for, the better the chances for a successful litter.